CHM 321 : Objectives|
General Learning Objectives:|
Specific Learning Objectives:
- At the conclusion of this course, you should be able to:
- Understand concepts of organic chemistry that are related to your "everyday" life experiences.
- Understand relationships between the concepts covered in the lecture and scientific application in the laboratory.
- Name, draw, and recognize the chemical structure of organic molecules.
- Understand chemical mechanism(s) related to the "reactivity" of organic molecules.
- Understand the relationship between "reaction conditions" and the rate of organic chemical reactions.
Chapter 1: Covalent Bonding and Shapes of Molecules
Chapter 2: Alkanes and Cylcoalkanes
- Write the electron structure of atoms.
- Draw chemical structures and calculate formal charge of molecules.
- Determine polarity of covalent bonds in molecules.
- Draw and predict the bond angles and shapes of molecules.
- Draw Lewis structures for various functional groups.
- Distinguish between polar and nonpolar molecules, and the polarity of covalent bonds.
- Learn the concept of resonance by drawing contributing structures.
- Learn the concept of molecular orbital theory by drawing hybridized orbitals associated with covalent bond formation.
Chapter 3: Chirality
- Define, recognize, draw structural formulas, and calculate the number of constitutional isomers.
- Name, draw structural formulas, recognize, and calculate the free energy change (?G) associated with conformational changes of alkanes and cycloalkanes.
- Draw structural formulas and recognize cis/trans isomerism in cylcoalkanes.
- Predict physical properties of alkanes and cycloalkanes
Chapter 4: Acids and Bases
- Predict chirality in molecules and physical objects.
- Draw the chemical structure and predict enantiomeric, diastereomerc, and mesomeric relationships of organic molecules.
- Understand and designate absolute configuration of molecules using R/S conventions.
- Learn the relationship between chirality and some common drugs used in human medicines.
Chapter 5: Alkenes I
- Learn to "quantitatively" measure the strength of an acid and base.
- Learn the relationship between Ka, pKa, and pH.
- Learn to "quantitatively" predict acid and base strength based on the molecular features of compounds.
- Recognize and draw the chemical structure of acid/base reactions.
- Learn to "predict" the position of equilibrium in acid/base reactions.
- Learn the biological importance of acid/base chemical reactions in living systems by studying the application of clinical chemistry.
Chapter 6: Alkene II: Reaction Mechanism
- Recognize the alkene as a functional group in the molecular structure of molecules.
- Determine the name of compounds from the chemical structure and draw the chemical structure from the name.
- Predict the physical properties of alkenes.
- Learn the relationship between alkene structure and biological applications: from oral contraceptives to insect control
Chapter 7: Alkyl Halides and Radical Reactions
- Describe and predict reaction mechanisms.
- Calculate energetics of chemical reactions.
- Describe, draw, ad predict reactions of alkenes:
Chapter 8: Nucleophilic Substitution and ?-Elimination
- Recognize the alkyl halide as a functional group in molecules.
- Name, draw chemical structures of, and recognize the structure of alkyl halides.
- Describe, draw the chemical structure of, and predict reactions of alkyl halides.
- Learn the biological applications of alkyl halide reactions by reviewing autooxidation in living systems.
Chapter 9: Alcohols and Thiols
- Describe, draw the chemical structure of, and recognize nucleophilic aliphatic substitution and elimination reactions.
- Recognize and predict reaction conditions (temperature, structure of reactant etc.) that will allow a reaction to occur.
- Learn how to convert (synthesize) a compound from a given starting reagent.
Chapter 10: Alkynes
- Recognize the alcohol and thiol as a functional group in molecules.
- Name, draw the chemical structure of, and recognize the structure of alcohols and thiols.
- Predict the acidity ad basicity of alcohols and thiols.
- Describe, draw the chemical structure of, and predict the reactions of alcohols and thiols.
- Convert (synthesize) a given product into an alcohol and thiol from "starting: reagents.
- Learn the technological application or organic chemical reactions of alcohols to the legal profession (being under the influence of alcohol = DUI).
- Name, draw the chemical structure of, and recognize the structure of alkynes.
- Predict the acidity and basicity of alcohols and thiols.
- Describe, draw the chemical structure of, and predict the reactions of alkynes.
- Use of alkynes as an "introduction" to organic synthesis.
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