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CHM 223 : Objectives 



Chapter 1: Introduction to the nature of matter and basic measurements
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Composition, structure, and properties of matter
 States of matter
 Physical and chemical changes
 Intensive properties
 Extensive properties
Students must also understand, apply, and justify
 The Law of constant composition
 The Law of definite proportions
 The Scientific Method
 The Metric System of Measurements and Density
 Measurement Accuracy, Precision & significant figures
 Dimensional analysis and conversion factors
Chapter 2: Description of the structure of atoms and elements
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Subatomic particles and their properties
 The structure of the atom
 The organization of the Periodic Table
Chapter 3: Description of the structure of molecules, ions and their compounds
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Subatomic particles and their properties
 Molecules: chemical, empirical, molecular, and structural formulas
 Ions: their types, structure and properties
Students must predict
 Ionic charges
 Ionic compounds
Chapter 4: Chemical Equations and Stoichiometry
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Combustion, combination, and decomposition reactions
 Atomic weight, atomic mass units, formula weight, molecular weight
 The limiting reactant
 Students must understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Balanced Chemical Equations
 Molar mass
 The Mole
Students must determine
 Molar masses
 Percentages of composition from formulas
 Mass to mole, mole to mass relationships
 Empirical and molecular formulas from analyses
 Quantitative information from balanced chemical equations
 The limiting reactant
 Theoretical yields
 Percent yields
Chapter 5: Reactions in Aqueous Solution
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Solvents, solutes and aqueous solutions
 Strong, weak and nonelectrolytes
 Strong and weak acids and bases
 Net ionic equations
 Metathesis, precipitation, oxidation, and reduction reactions
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Chemical equilibrium
 Neutralization
 Solubility
 Titration
Students must be able to determine
 Concentration
 Molarity
 Dilution
Chapter 6: Principles of Reactivity : Energy and Chemical Reactions
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Chemical reactions and reversibility
 Equilibrium of closed systems
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Calculation Equilibrium constant expressions
 Predicting reaction direction
 Reaction quotient
 Le Chatelier's principle
Chapter 7: Atomic Structure
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Electromagnetic Radiation
 Quantum of energy
 Photons
 Spectrum
 Ground and excited states
 Matter waves
 Uncertainty principle
 Wave functions
 Probability density
 Screening effect
 Degenerate
 Valence and core electrons
 Maingroup, transition, lanthanide, and actinide elements
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Wavelength and frequency
 Energy of a single quantum
 Bohr's Model
 Momentum of photons
 Orbitals
 Electron shells
 Subshell
 Effective nuclear charge
 Quantum numbers and Hund's rule
Chapter 8: Description of the Information derived from the Periodic Table
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 The periodicity of elements
 Valence orbitals
 Atomic radius
 Ionization energy
 Electron affinity
 Metallic character
 Groups of elements
Chapter 9: Bonding and Molecular Structure: Fundamental Concepts
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Electronegativity
 Bond polarity
Students must recognize and construct
 Ionic, covalent, and metallic bonds
 Lewis structures
 Single and multiple bonds
 Polar and nonpolar covalent bonds
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Lattice energy
 BornHaber cycle
 Formal charge
 Resonance structures
 Bond enthalpy
 Oxidation states
Chapter 10: Bonding and Molecular Structure: Fundamental Concepts
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Bonds
 Bond angles
 Bonding and nonbonding pairs
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Valenceshell electronpair repulsion (VSEPR) model
 Electron pair and molecular geometries
 Dipole moment
 Valencebond theory
 Orbital hybridization
 Sigma, pi, and delocalized bonds
 Molecular orbital theory
 Bonding and antibonding orbitals
 Sigma and pi, molecular orbitals
 Energy level diagram
 Bond order
Chapter 11: Carbon: More than Just Another Element
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Classify organic compounds based on formula and structure
 Recognize and draw structures of structural isomers and stereoisomers for carbon
compounds
 Name and draw structures of common organic compounds
 Know the common reactions of organic functional groups
 Relate properties to molecular structure
 Identify common polymers






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