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CHM 222 : Objectives 



Chapter 7: Description of the Information derived from the Periodic Table
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 The periodicity of elements
 Valence orbitals
 Atomic radius
 Ionization energy
 Electron affinity
 Metallic character
 Groups of elements
Chapter 8: Introduction to Chemical Bonding
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 electronegativity
 Bond polarity
Students must recognize and construct
 Ionic, covalent, and metallic bonds
 Lewis structures
 Single and multiple bonds
 Polar and nonpolar covalent bonds
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Lattice energy
 BornHaber cycle
 Formal charge
 Resonance structures
 Bond enthalpy
 Oxidation states
Chapter 9: Molecular Geometry and Bonding
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Bonds
 Bond angles
 Bonding and nonbonding pairs
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Valenceshell electronpair repulsion (VSEPR) model
 Electron pair and molecular geometries
 Dipole moment
 Valencebond theory
 Orbital hybridization
 Sigma , pi , and delocalized bonds
 Molecular orbital theory
 Bonding and antibonding orbitals
 Sigma and pi , molecular orbitals
 Energy level diagram
 Bond order
Chapter 10: Gases
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Properties of gases
 Pressure
 Units of pressure
 Standard temperature and pressure
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Boyle's Law
 Charle's Law
 Avogadro's Law
 Ideal Gas Equation
 Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure
 KineticMolecular Theory
 Graham's Law
 Diffusion
 Van der Waals equation
Chapter 11: Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Liquid and solid states of matter in more detail, and particularly the forces responsible for their formation.
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Van der Waals forces
 Hydrogen Bonding
 Dynamic Equilibrium
 Equilibrium vapor pressure
 Critical Points
 Lattice Structures
 Phase Diagrams
 Phase Changes
Chapter 12: Modern Materials
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 The observable and macroscopic properties of materials
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Liquid Crystalline Phases
 Polymers & their formations
 Biomaterials & their applications
 Superconducting Transition Termperature
 Thin Films
 Chemical Vapor Deposition
Chapter 13: Properties of Solutions
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 Colligative properties and their dependence on relative numbers of solvent and solute particles in solution
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Vapor Pressure, Melting Point, Boiling Point, and Osmotic Pressure
 Mole Fraction, Molality, and Weight percent
 Enthalpy of Solution
 Henry’s Law
 Raoult’s Law
Chapter 14: Chemical Kinetics
Students must recognize, explain and apply
 The chemical kinetics, speed or rate, of a reaction under various conditions
 Mechanisms, the sequence of events at the molecular level that controls the speed or
outcome of the reaction
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
 Reaction rates
 Mechanisms
 Rate constants & reaction orders
 Half life
 Reaction energy diagrams & Transition states
 Activation energies and complexes
 Transition State Theory
 Collision Theory
 Rate determining steps
 Catalysis






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