College of Science, Engineering and Technology
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College of Science, Engineering and Technology


NSU - Norfolk State University
 
CHM 222 : Objectives
   
 
Chapter 7: Description of the Information derived from the Periodic Table

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • The periodicity of elements
  • Valence orbitals
  • Atomic radius
  • Ionization energy
  • Electron affinity
  • Metallic character
  • Groups of elements
Chapter 8: Introduction to Chemical Bonding

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • electronegativity
  • Bond polarity
Students must recognize and construct
  • Ionic, covalent, and metallic bonds
  • Lewis structures
  • Single and multiple bonds
  • Polar and non-polar covalent bonds
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Lattice energy
  • Born-Haber cycle
  • Formal charge
  • Resonance structures
  • Bond enthalpy
  • Oxidation states
Chapter 9: Molecular Geometry and Bonding

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Bonds
  • Bond angles
  • Bonding and non-bonding pairs
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR) model
  • Electron pair and molecular geometries
  • Dipole moment
  • Valence-bond theory
  • Orbital hybridization
  • Sigma , pi , and delocalized bonds
  • Molecular orbital theory
  • Bonding and anti-bonding orbitals
  • Sigma and pi , molecular orbitals
  • Energy level diagram
  • Bond order
Chapter 10: Gases

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Properties of gases
  • Pressure
  • Units of pressure
  • Standard temperature and pressure
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Boyle's Law
  • Charle's Law
  • Avogadro's Law
  • Ideal Gas Equation
  • Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure
  • Kinetic-Molecular Theory
  • Graham's Law
  • Diffusion
  • Van der Waals equation
Chapter 11: Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Liquid and solid states of matter in more detail, and particularly the forces responsible for their formation.
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Van der Waals forces
  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Dynamic Equilibrium
  • Equilibrium vapor pressure
  • Critical Points
  • Lattice Structures
  • Phase Diagrams
  • Phase Changes
Chapter 12: Modern Materials

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • The observable and macroscopic properties of materials
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Liquid Crystalline Phases
  • Polymers & their formations
  • Biomaterials & their applications
  • Superconducting Transition Termperature
  • Thin Films
  • Chemical Vapor Deposition
Chapter 13: Properties of Solutions

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Colligative properties and their dependence on relative numbers of solvent and solute particles in solution
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Vapor Pressure, Melting Point, Boiling Point, and Osmotic Pressure
  • Mole Fraction, Molality, and Weight percent
  • Enthalpy of Solution
  • Henry’s Law
  • Raoult’s Law
Chapter 14: Chemical Kinetics

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • The chemical kinetics, speed or rate, of a reaction under various conditions
  • Mechanisms, the sequence of events at the molecular level that controls the speed or outcome of the reaction
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Reaction rates
  • Mechanisms
  • Rate constants & reaction orders
  • Half life
  • Reaction energy diagrams & Transition states
  • Activation energies and complexes
  • Transition State Theory
  • Collision Theory
  • Rate determining steps
  • Catalysis
 
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