College of Science, Engineering and Technology
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College of Science, Engineering and Technology


NSU - Norfolk State University
 
CHM 221 : Objectives
   
 
Chapter 1: Introduction to the nature of matter and basic measurements

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Composition, structure, and properties of matter
  • States of matter
  • Physical and chemical changes
  • Intensive properties
  • Extensive properties
Students must also understand, apply, and justify
  • The Law of constant composition
  • The Law of definite proportions
  • The Scientific Method
  • The Metric System of Measurements and Density
  • Measurement Accuracy, Precision & significant figures
  • Dimensional analysis and conversion factors
Chapter 2: Description of the structure of atoms and elements

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Subatomic particles and their properties
  • The structure of the atom
  • The organization of the Periodic Table
Chapter 3: Description of the structure of molecules, ions and their compounds

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Subatomic particles and their properties
  • Molecules: chemical, empirical, molecular, and structural formulas
  • Ions: their types, structure and properties
Students must predict
  • Ionic charges
  • Ionic compounds
Chapter 4: Chemical Equations and Stoichiometry

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Combustion, combination, and decomposition reactions
  • Atomic weight, atomic mass units, formula weight, molecular weight
  • The limiting reactant
  • Students must understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
    • Balanced Chemical Equations
    • Molar mass
    • The Mole
Students must determine
  • Molar masses
  • Percentages of composition from formulas
  • Mass to mole, mole to mass relationships
  • Empirical and molecular formulas from analyses
  • Quantitative information from balanced chemical equations
  • The limiting reactant
  • Theoretical yields
  • Percent yields
Chapter 5: Reactions in Aqueous Solution

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Solvents, solutes and aqueous solutions
  • Strong, weak and non- electrolytes
  • Strong and weak acids and bases
  • Net ionic equations
  • Metathesis, precipitation, oxidation, and reduction reactions
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Chemical equilibrium
  • Neutralization
  • Solubility
  • Titration
Students must be able to determine
  • Concentration
  • Molarity
  • Dilution
Chapter 6: Principles of Reactivity : Energy and Chemical Reactions

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Chemical reactions and reversibility
  • Equilibrium of closed systems
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Calculation Equilibrium constant expressions
  • Predicting reaction direction
  • Reaction quotient
  • Le Chatelier's principle
Chapter 7: Atomic Structure

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Electromagnetic Radiation
  • Quantum of energy
  • Photons
  • Spectrum
  • Ground and excited states
  • Matter waves
  • Uncertainty principle
  • Wave functions
  • Probability density
  • Screening effect
  • Degenerate
  • Valence and core electrons
  • Main-group, transition, lanthanide, and actinide elements
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Wavelength and frequency
  • Energy of a single quantum
  • Bohr's Model
  • Momentum of photons
  • Orbitals
  • Electron shells
  • Subshell
  • Effective nuclear charge
  • Quantum numbers and Hund?s rule
Chapter 8: Description of the Information derived from the Periodic Table

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • The periodicity of elements
  • Valence orbitals
  • Atomic radius
  • Ionization energy
  • Electron affinity
  • Metallic character
  • Groups of elements
Chapter 9: Bonding and Molecular Structure: Fundamental Concepts

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • electronegativity
  • Bond polarity
Students must recognize and construct
  • Ionic, covalent, and metallic bonds
  • Lewis structures
  • Single and multiple bonds
  • Polar and non-polar covalent bonds
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Lattice energy
  • Born-Haber cycle
  • Formal charge
  • Resonance structures
  • Bond enthalpy
  • Oxidation states
Chapter 10: Bonding and Molecular Structure: Fundamental Concepts

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Bonds
  • Bond angles
  • Bonding and non-bonding pairs
Students must also understand, apply, and justify the concepts of
  • Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR) model
  • Electron pair and molecular geometries
  • Dipole moment
  • Valence-bond theory
  • Orbital hybridization
  • Sigma, pi, and delocalized bonds
  • Molecular orbital theory
  • Bonding and anti-bonding orbitals
  • Sigma and pi, molecular orbitals
  • Energy level diagram
  • Bond order
Chapter 11: Carbon: More than Just Another Element

Students must recognize, explain and apply
  • Classify organic compounds based on formula and structure
  • Recognize and draw structures of structural isomers and stereoisomers for carbon compounds
  • Name and draw structures of common organic compounds
  • Know the common reactions of organic functional groups
  • Relate properties to molecular structure
  • Identify common polymers
 
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